Blood pressure is a vital parameter which is vital for the healthy functioning of the body. So here we shall discuss how to check blood pressure at home in easy steps. It is very crucial for a healthy person to check his blood pressure regularly to ensure that there is no underlying health problems.
It is important for even a healthy person to check their blood pressure regularly to check how much amount of work your heart is doing to pump blood throughout your bodies. Apart from blood pressure, the other vital signs are :
- breathing rate
- heart rate
- breathing rate
The normal blood pressure range for a healthy adult is 120/80 mmHg. People with high blood pressure or hypertension need to check their blood pressure daily at home. They must keep a record of their systolic and diastolic blood pressure. It is so because the symptoms of high blood pressure generally go unnoticed, and can only be treated if monitored regularly.
But first, before going into how you can monitor your blood pressure, you must know the kinds of blood pressure.
Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure
As the heart pumps blood throughout the body, there are two types of numbers which need to be recorded:
- Systolic blood pressure is the force with which the heart pumps the blood around the body. It is the higher range in the blood pressure, and its normal value should be 120 mmHg.
- Diastolic blood pressure is the lower value of the blood pressure and is the resistance faced by the blood vessels when the heart rests after a beat.
Now we shall get straight into how you can monitor your blood pressure through various methods at home by yourself.
How To Check Blood Pressure At Home
For those who have hypertension,i.e., blood pressure range above 140/90 mmHg, you must measure your blood pressure at home daily. You must maintain a journal recording your blood pressure readings once, twice, or as many times in a day your doctor recommends. While vital measures such as blood pressure are measured whenever we go to the hospital, it can be easily measured at home as well. In fact, the readings can be better taken at home, since we can measure the blood pressure over a period of time.
But before we measure our blood pressure at homes by ourselves, there are few things which you must keep in mind:
Things To Keep in Mind Before Measuring Your Blood Pressure At Home
- Find a quiet place at your home to measure your blood pressure. Otherwise, you will not be able to listen to your heart beat regularly.
- Make to be in a calm state of mind and your bladder is empty. A full bladder can affect your blood pressure readings.
- If you are wearing full-sleeved clothing, roll up your sleeve.
- Make sure to rest in a chair for 5-10 minutes. You must rest your arm in a chair at the heart level.
Steps To Measure Your Blood Pressure Through Sphygmomanometer
A sphygmomanometer is a device used to measure blood pressure though inflatable cuffs which collapse and then release the artery under the cuff in a controlled manner. It uses mercury to measure blood pressure. It is the best device to measure blood pressure since it shows accurate reading using the measuring unit (or mercury).
If the correct method is known, then it can be very easy to measure the blood pressure manually at home. Here are the steps on how to measure blood pressure manually using a sphygmomanometer:
Step 1: Put in the cuff in your either hand and tighten the belt conveniently. Make sure you are sitting in a quiet place in a chair in an upright position. Also, your hand must be resting at your heart’s level.
- Make sure that the cuff is at least 1 inch above the bend of your below.
- Fasten the cuff tightly but not too tightly
Step 2: Close the airflow valve of the bulb by turning the screw clockwise.
Step 3: Now place the stethoscope at the bend of the elbow to listen to your pulse.
Step 4: Start inflating the cuff any squeezing the bulb with your right hand.
Step 5: Now kee on inflating your cuffs till you hear your first pulse.
Step 6: Note the reading at this point. This is your systolic blood pressure.
Step 7: Now slowly start deflating your cuff by turning the screw anti-clockwise
Step 8: Continue listening to your heartbeat until the sound of it disappears.
Step 9: Continue doing so until you hear no pulse
Step 10: Note down the reading at this point. This is your diastolic blood pressure.
Step 11: Now deflate your cuff completely by turning the screw anti-clockwise.
Now you have your systolic and diastolic blood pressure. You can note this down in your diary and keep a record of it.
The video given below will help you understand the procedure of measuring the blood pressure through sphygmomanometer more clearly
Procedure To Check Blood Pressure Without Equipment
It is possible to measure blood pressure by hand, even when you don’t have the essential equipment such as blood pressure cuffs, sphygmomanometer or a digital blood pressure machine to check blood pressure at home. The digital blood pressure machine lets you monitor the blood pressure as well as the pulse rate. But it can be measured by hand by checking the pulse rate. Here are the steps through which you can measure your blood pressure by hand:
Step 1: First, locate the artery below the thumb on the inside of your wrist and place your index finger and thumb there.
Step 2: Keep a timer in from of you and measure your pulse for 15 seconds.
Step 3: Then multiply your count by four to get your resting heart rate.
Here is a video explaining how you can measure your blood pressure without any equipment
Monitoring blood pressure regularly at home is very important, especially for hypertension patients. So if you know the correct method of measuring the blood pressure, you can easily measure it at home. We hope you find this guide useful. Please let us know if you have any suggestions or anything to add on through the comment section below. And don’t forget to share this article with your family and loved ones.