Linux is a free open source software which runs on the Linux kernel. So if you are a Linux user, then you should be using the current linux version so that you can run all the applications smoothly. So here we shall discuss what are the various versions of Linux and how you can check it.
Linux is an operating system based on the Linux kernel. It was originally designed for personal computers, but now it is being used in various smart devices such as phones, cars, refrigerators, etc. It is generally packaged in distribution, which is provided by the GNU project. there are various distributors of Linux, such as Debian, Fedora and Ubuntu, which can be used by the individuals. There are other commercial distributors too, such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux and OpenSUSE.
Knowing the Linux version is always recommended for various reasons, such as security patches, and to have the knowledge whether you should update your kernel version or not.
If you are a beginner to Linux, it can get tricky for you to understand the commands for checking your version, whether your computer runs on 32-bit or 62-bit processor. So here we shall explain to you everything you need to know about Linux version in a very simple step-by-step guide.
How To Check the Kernel Version In Linux
There can be many situations where you can be required to know the exact kernel version of your Linux. It can be possible to know the same due to the powerful command line of the system. Here we shall provide you with 5 commands which will help you fidn out the exact kernel version of the Linux:
1. “uname” Command:
uname is the Linux command to get system information. This command works well in all the Linux/Unix systems.
You need to give the following command in the terminal:
2. “dpkg” Command:
This command will help you know whether you are using a 32-bit processor or 64-bit processor. This only works in Ubuntu and Debian based derivatives and its distributors.
Here is the command line which you need to enter:
The output which will show for 64-bit Operating System is as follows:
And the output which will show for a 32-bit processor is the following:
3. “getconf” Command
This command shows the system configuration variables along with the current OS version. Here’s how to run the command:
4. “arch” Command
“arch” command is similar to uname command, it will display your OS type. If the output is x86_64, then it is 64-bit OS, but if it is 32-bit OS, teh output shall be i686 or i386. Here’s what the output will appear in the terminal:
5. ‘file” Command
This command work with the special argument /sbin/init. It will display the OS-type.
These were the five basic simple commands which can be used to find out the Linux version. There are other pragmatic commands as well, which can generate similar results. But these commands can be used at the beginners level as well.
Difference Between 32-Bit and 64-Bit Processor Linux H2
If you are new to Linux, it can be confusing for you to differentiate between 32-Bit processor and 64-Bit OS versions. You might wonder what is the fundamental difference between the two? Well, let us help you clarify your doubt and help you decide what would be a better option for you. There is no difference between both the system, both have the same functionalities and applications. The type of processor you want to choose depends upon the processor of your computer.
Most of the modern processors nowadays use Intel and AMD processors, which are 64-bit processors. So you can easily install the 64-bit version OS to run more applications, games and programs smoothly without any lag.
We hope we have been able to solve your query regarding how to check the version of Linux. If you want me to explain to you how to download the latest Linux version or any other related topic, you can let me know in the comments section below.