A conclusion is the last paragraph of a report, assignment, research paper, etc. So here we shall discuss how to write a conclusion for a research paper and other important papers. We shall discuss the standard guidelines for the same which you can follow to write a great conclusion.
A conclusion is an important part of a literary document, such as research papers, thesis, literary analysis, etc. The conclusion forms the end part of the documents. For such lengthy documents, a conclusion forms an important part since it helps to wrap up the entire document and provide an idea to the reader what you want to say. Hence, after completing your entire document, it is important to plan its conclusion by revisiting your thesis or report and summarize the important conclusions which can be derived from your document. once you have written your conclusion, you must revisit it to check if it is free from errors and conveys the essence of your whole document.
Even for the best of the writers, it can become tricky to write a great conclusion. So here we decided to write this article to provide you with the important tips to write an effective conclusion which your readers would love to read.
Let us straight get to some useful hack which can come handy while writing an effective conclusion.
How To Write a Conclusion–
For a Report
A report is any document which presents some information in a narrative, tabular or graphic format for a specific audience. A report might be required to be made for school or college projects or office meetings. The most powerful reports have a powerful conclusion, which makes the report more effective and interesting to read. So here we have compiled some of the best practices which you must apply while writing a report:
1. Give the Heading “Conclusion”
While you might be tempted to use a fancy or a long title for your conclusion, you must keep the heading short and self-explanatory. So you can straight use the title “Conclusion” or “In Conclusion”. It will make it very clear to the reader what to expect from the paragraph and immediately grab his attention.
2. Use the Introductory Paragraph as a Guide
This is something which is very important yet most of us forget to take note of it Your conclusion can include the points which you had used in your introduction. For instance, if you had begun your paragraph by saying “Statistics is an important part of Mathematics”, you can conclude by saying, “As we had stated earlier, Statistics is an important part of Mathematics”.
3. Make Your Conclusion Believable
Your audience would love relatable content and would not like to read some copy pasted content or somebody else’s opinion. While the remaining document might get technical and lengthy at places, a conclusion is a great opportunity to relate with your audience at a more humane level and provide them with your views and opinions about the issue which you have taken up. Remember that simply restating the statement you earlier made is redundant. You can use the conclusion to provide a deeper understanding or add on something to what you had already stated earlier in brief.
4. Summarize All Your Ideas
A conclusion is the best opportunity for you to grab your reader’s attention and make it interesting for them to read your report. So you can use this space to explain to your readers about the importance of your ideas and how they are relevant to them. You can leave your audience with something to think about by providing your fresh views on the topic. Make sure to end your conclusion on a positive note which makes the reader optimistic about the topic.
5. Provide a Course of Action or Solution To The Issue
Don’t leave your conclusion at just by wrapping up the theoretical aspects of the topic you have taken. Rather, provide something which the reader would find informative and motivate them to take some action after reading your report. Provide the reader with a course of action which they can take to implement the ideas which you have discussed in your conclusion. You can also leave them with a solution to an issue related to your topic which the reader can implement in their daily lives.
For a Research Paper
A research paper is written during the final year of the college, or when one is pursuing their higher studies. While the whole research paper might explain the topic you have taken very well, it is the conclusion and introduction which matter the most. The objective of writing a conclusion for any research paper is to summarize all the ideas, methods and agenda of your paper. So it is the last yet most important part of your research paper.
Here for your easy reference, we have provided you with some useful tips on how you can write an effective conclusion for your research paper:
1. Explain The Importance of Your Topic
The conclusion is the best way to briefly re-state your topic and its relevance regarding the research you have conducted. since you have already put forth your arguments in the paper, make sure to just briefly sum up the topic and state why is it important. You don’t need to put much effort or time in re-stating or topic or its importance. You can conclude it in 2-3 sentences. This should generally be done at the beginning paragraph of your conclusion
2. Synthesize and Re-State Your Thesis Statement
After explaining the importance of your topic, you should re-state your thesis statement. The thesis of a research topic is a narrowed and focussed view of the topic in question. Instead of repeating the lines which you have used in your thesis again, you can re-phrase and re-purpose it in your own words in a way that complements your conclusion. The essence and meaning should remain the same, just make sure to use different language and words. Otherwise, it will sound similar to your introduction.
3. Sum Up the Main Points Taken Up In The Paper
Summarize the key points which you have taken up in the paper in your conclusion. Before doing that, you must go through your paper once again and pick up the main arguments and facts which you have taken up. Do not repeat the ideas or the facts in the same manner as you had done in the body of the paper. Edit the main points and remove any unnecessary details. Just provide the highlights of the main points, and don’t add any new details to it.
4. Conclude the Points Taken in the Paper
If you are following an inductive pattern of reasoning for your research paper, then this step is important for you. Remember that this step is not required for most of the papers since the style of reasoning differs according to the topic you have taken. If you have already explained the crux of your points in the paper, you can briefly restate the importance of the thesis of your paper without going into much detail.
Examples of Research Paper Conclusion
So let us now look at some examples of research paper conclusions which are written in an effective manner:
Sample of Research Paper Conclusion For Scientific Research Paper
|Recent research conducted on cold water drowning incidents has provided a clearer understanding of the internal biological processes occurring during drowning and near-drowning accidents. The studies conducted till now suggest that the cooperative effect of the mammalian diving reflex and hypothermia plays a critical role in patient survival during a cold-water immersion incident. However, the relationship between the two processes is still unclear. Because it is nearly impossible to replicate an entire drowning incident within the laboratory, scientists are not able to fully conclude the research due to lack of sufficient data. Consequently, it is difficult to compare the different case studies which are available.|
Sample of Research Paper Conclusion For Environmental Research Paper
|Whales and dolphins continue to be threatened by human activities. Some of the whale species are more susceptible to extinction than the other species. The setting of IWC in 1946 was a major step towards international whale conservation and agreement between its members to stop commercial whaling. The IUCN noted that the population of the grey whales in the Atlantic region were extinct by the beginning of the 18th century. Due to excessive industrial whaling activity in the past century, many great species of whales have become extinct, and many face the brink of extinction. Of the 13 major whales species found worldwide, 7 of them are already listed in the “Endangered” or “Vulnerable” category.|
The main aim of writing a conclusion is to summarize all the major points and ideas you have taken up during your report or research paper and provide your viewpoint to the reader. You can also conclude the points which you did not earlier in the paper and provide the reader something to think about. We hope that you found this guide helpful and it helped you write a great conclusion. If you still have any doubts or queries for us, please let us know in the comments section below.